Type 2 diabetes most often develops in people over age 45, but more and more children, teens, and young adults are being diagnosed. Prior studies of the relationship between physical activity and incident type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) relied primarily on questionnaires at a single time point.
Step Up!!! Walking more steps May Reduce Type 2 Diabetes Risk
Now, researchers sought to investigate the relationship between physical activity and incident T2DM with an innovative approach using data from commercial wearable devices linked to electronic health records in a real-world population.
Researchers analyzed Fitbit data and type 2 diabetes rates from 5,677 participants included in the NIH’s All of Us Research Program between 2010-2021. It is part of an effort to advance individualized health care by enrolling one million or more participants to contribute their health data over many years. About 75% of the participants that the researchers studied were female.
From 5,677 participants, there were 97 (2%) cases of incident type 2 diabetes over a median follow-up of 3.8 years between 2010-2021. After adjusting for age, sex, and race, the hazard of incident diabetes was reduced by 44% when comparing those with an average daily step count of 10,700 to those with 6,000.
Similar benefits were seen comparing groups based on the average duration of various intensities of activity. There was no evidence for effect modification by age, sex, body mass index (BMI), or sedentary time.
Hence, this data shows the importance of moving your body every day to lower your risk of diabetes. They hope to study more diverse populations in future studies to confirm the generalizability of these findings.
#Diabetes #Risk #Lowered #Women #Walking #Steps #Day