The petitioners, a married couple facing infertility issues, had been undergoing treatment for quite a long time.
The petitioner-wife conceived twice with the help of Assisted Reproduction Technology (ART).
But the first child died at the age of six due to pneumonia and when the woman got pregnant the second time by re-commencing the ART treatment, it turned out to be a tubular pregnancy and they had to abort it.
Thereafter, when they began to continue ART treatment in order to conceive, the ART Act of 2021 was enacted, capping the upper age limit for treatment.
Due to this, the petitioners were prevented from continuing the treatment in view of this.
Therefore, they approached the court challenging the constitutional validity of the ART Act on the ground that it infringes on their reproductive choice as citizens, which the Supreme Court has declared as a fundamental right.
The court took note of the situation that the couple had gone through, and permitted them to continue ART treatment at the hospital of their choice.
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