Cases of acute conjunctivitis and dry eye have significantly increased in hospitals due to the particulate matter in the air quality, said experts.
Talking to IANS, Dr. Himanshu Garkoti, Ophthalmologist at RML hospital, said,
“We have noticed the increasing trends of patients visiting hospital complaining of ocular allergy and the conjunctivitis due to air pollutants. The risk increases for elderly people and those who have undergone eye surgery recently.”
Air Pollution and Conjunctivitis Diseases
“Chances of getting allergic inflammation remains high during early hours of morning and in the evening because of dense smog, so it is advisable to wear specs while going for morning walk especially for elderly people and children. However, among all age groups, air pollution remains main causes of eye ailments and can lead to irritation and inflammation resulting into the redness of eyes, watery eyes, and other vision related problems”, Dr. Garkoti added.
“The cornea is the most sensitive structure in the eye and this can be affected by environmental agents. As the eyes defend against harmful materials only by a thin layer of the precorneal tear film, they are more susceptible to various diseases. Dry eyes, conjunctivitis and eye allergy like itching, redness, eyelid swelling, and blurring of vision are some of the health effects on eyes due to pollution,” Dr. Samir Sud, Director, Sharp Sight, told IANS.
Air pollutants comprise of nitric oxide, sulphur dioxide, and nitrogen dioxide can cause burning sensation and irritation. Along with this, increasing carbon monoxide and dioxide can also cause discomfort to the vision.
Minimizing exposure to outdoor air pollutants and staying indoors can lower the risk of ocular allergy and infection.
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