Urine Test: Normal Lab Values

Urine Test: Normal Lab Values

Test

Specimen

Conventional Units

SI Units

Aldosterone Urine, 24 h 5–19 mcg/24 h 13.9–52.6 nmol/24 h
Amino acids, total Urine, 24 h 200–400 mg/24 h 14–29 nmol/24 h
Amylase Urine, timed 6.5–48.1 U/h
Calcium (unrestricted diet) Urine, timed 100–300 mg/day 2.5–7.5 mmol/day
Catecholamines, total Urine, 24 h < 100 mcg/m2/24 h < 591 nmol/m2/24 h
Chloride Urine, timed 80–250 mEq/day 80–250 mmol/day
Copper Urine, 24 h 0–100 mcg/24 h 0–1.6 mcmol/24 h
Coproporphyrin Urine, 24 h 50–250 mcg/24 h 76–382 nmol/24 h
Cortisol, free Urine, 24 h < 90 mcg/24 h < 248 nmol/24 h
Creatine:
* Females Urine, 24 h 0–100 mg/24 h 0–763 mmol/24 h
* Males Urine, 24 h 4–40 mg/24 h 30–305 mmol/24 h
Creatinine, weight-based Urine, 24 h 15–25 mg/kg/24 h 133–221 mmol/kg/ 24 h
d-Xylose excretion 5 h after ingestion of 25 g of d-xylose Urine, 5 h collection 5–8 g 33–53 mmol
Estriol, females Urine, 24 h > 12 mg/24 h > 42 mcmol/24 h
17-Hydroxycorticosteroids, fractionated, adults ≥ 18 yr:
* Cortisol Urine, 24 h 3.5–4.5 mcg/24 h 9.7–12.4 nmol/24 h
* Cortisone Urine, 24 h 17–129 mcg/24 h 47–359 nmol/24 h
5-Hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) Urine, 24 h 2–9 mg/24 h 10.4–46.8 mcmol/24 h
17-Ketosteroid, fractionated, females > 12 yr:
* Androsterone Urine, 24 h 55–1589 mcg/24 h
* Pregnanetriol Urine, 24 h 59–1391 mcg/24 h
17-Ketosteroid, fractionated, males > 12 yr:
* Androsterone Urine, 24 h 234–2703 mcg/24 h
* Etiocholanolone Urine, 24 h 151–3198 mcg/24 h
* 11-Hydroxyandrosterone Urine, 24 h 66–1032 mcg/24 h
* 11-Hydroxyetiocholanolone Urine, 24 h 17–1006 mcg/24 h
* 11-Ketoandrosterone Urine, 24 h 4–55 mcg/24 h
* 11-Ketoetiocholanolone Urine, 24 h 51–1016 mcg/24 h
* Pregnanetriol Urine, 24 h 245–1701 mcg/24 h
Metanephrines, fractionated, normotensive patients ≥ 18 yr:
* Females, metanephrine Urine, 24 h 30–180 mcg/24 h
* Females, total metanephrines Urine, 24 h 142–510 mcg/24 h
* Males, metanephrine Urine, 24 h 44–261 mcg/24 h
* Males, total metanephrines Urine, 24 h 190–583 mcg/24 h
Metanephrines, fractionated, normotensive males and females aged 18–29 yr:
* Normetanephrine Urine, 24 h 103–390 mcg/24 h
Metanephrines, fractionated, hypertensive males and females:
* Metanephrine Urine, 24 h < 400 mcg/24 h
* Normetanephrine Urine, 24 h < 900 mcg/24 h
* Total metanephrines Urine, 24 h < 1300 mcg/24 h
Microalbumin Urine, 24 h < 30 mg/24 h
Microalbumin, albumin/ creatinine ratio Urine, random < 20 mcg/mg
Osmolality Urine, random 38–1400 mOsm/kg H2O
Oxalate Urine, 24 h 0.11–0.46 mmol/ specimen*
Phosphate, tubular reabsorption Urine, random 79–94% of filtered load
Porphobilinogens Urine, random 0–0.5 mg/g creatinine
Potassium Urine, 24 h 25–100 mEq/24 h 25–100 mmol/24 h
Protein, total Urine, 24 h < 100 mg/24 h
Sodium Urine, 24 h 100–260 mEq/24 h 100–260 mmol/24 h
Uric acid Urine, 24 h 250–750 mg/24 h 1.48–4.43 mmol/24 h
Urinalysis, routine
* pH Urine, random 5–7
Urinalysis, routine, dipstick testing:
* Bilirubin Urine, random Negative
* Blood Urine, random Negative
* Glucose Urine, random Negative
* Ketones Urine, random Negative
* Leukocyte esterase Urine, random Negative
* Nitrites Urine, random Negative
* Protein Urine, random Negative
* Urobilinogen Urine, random 0.2–1.0 EU
Urobilinogen Urine, 24 h 0.05–2.5 mg/24 h 0.08–4.22 mcmol/24 h
Vanillylmandelic acid (VMA) Urine, 24 h < 8 mg/24 h < 40.4 mol/24 h
*Value is based on 24-h collection.

*Normal findings detected by microscopic examination can include a few RBCs (especially in menstruating women), WBCs, epithelial cells, bacteria, yeast cells, crystals (eg, calcium oxalate, triple phosphate, amorphous phosphates, and urates), sperm, and unidentifiable materials. Large amounts of these substances or the presence of certain other materials may be abnormal.

EU = Ehrlich units.

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